This statutory guidance sets out how:
- organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children
- practitioners should conduct the assessment of children
This page sets out the child protection system in England and covers
- National guidance
- Reporting child protection concerns
- Child protection referrals
- Child protection investigations
- Child protection case conferences
- Care proceedings
Legislation (statutory law) covering child protection is divided into:
- civil law. Civil law is divided into:
- public law which puts in place systems and processes in order to minimise the risk of children coming to harm and lays out what action should be taken if children are at risk
- private law which deals with family proceedings such as divorce and contact.
- criminal law which deals with people who have offended or are at risk of offending against children.
In practice, some Acts may include provisions that relate both to civil law and criminal law.
There is no specific legislation that covers the minimum age at which a child may be left alone or how old a babysitter should be.
The NSPCC has published guidance and a leaflet called Home alone (2013) to help parents make decisions about how, when and for how long it is safe to leave their children at home.
This statutory guidance sets out what schools and colleges must do to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people under the age of 18.
The Safe Network provides safeguarding information related to activities outside the home – from after school art clubs to weekend reading groups. It is jointly managed by the NSPCC and Children England. They are the National Safeguarding Unit for the Third Sector and created as a result of the Government’s Staying Safe action plan.
It’s important to have a clear set of guidelines to make sure your organisation deals with child protection concerns effectively. These steps from Safe Network will help you, as will your local Safeguarding Children Board (see below)
CEOP works with child protection partners across the UK and overseas to identify the main threats to children and coordinates activity against these threats to bring offenders to account. They aim to protect children from harm online and offline, directly through NCA led operations and in partnership with local and international agencies.
Safeguarding Children Boards
The Safeguarding Children Board brings together representatives from different agencies who work with children, so that everyone can work together to keep children safe from harm.